2016 Vol. 13, No. 2(26)

Preface
Potapov A.A.
ON FRACTAL DIMENSION SPECTRUM OF NEW LIGHTNING DISCHARGE TYPES IN IONOSPHERE: ELVES, JETS AND SPRITES
[article]

summary
Starting from the middle of nineties of XX a new phenomenon became the focus of physicists’ interest –
lightning electric discharge in the middle atmosphere at attitudes from 20 to 100 kilometers which are above the 
absolute majority of clouds. It results in rise of absolutely new classes of discharge phenomena. Physical 
properties of elves, jets and sprites which are the most interesting types of the high-attitude discharges in the 
atmosphere are considered in the work. The results of researches of its fractal characteristics are presented. The 
obtained results give grounds for a deeper insight of development, relaxation of such atmosphere processes and 
taking into account of action of such kind of strays on functioning of radio systems.

Potapov A.A.
ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF TOPOLOGICAL RADAR DETECTORS OF LOW-CONTRAST TARGETS AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF HIGH INTENSITY NOISE AS A NEW BRANCH OF RADIOLOCATION AND THE THEORY OF STATISTICAL SOLUTIONS
[article]

summary
The new kind and approach of up-to-date radiolocation: fractal-scaling or scale-invariant 
radiolocation has been proposed. The main ideas and strategic directions in synthesis of fundamentally new 
topological radar detectors of low-contrast objects have been considered. The objects detection is conducted 
against the background of reflections from the ground, sea and precipitations. The new topologic signs and 
methods of detection of low-contrast objects against the background of high-intensity noise are presented. 
The methods are based on the textural and fractal analysis and also on the theory of deterministic chaos. The 
main purpose of the work is to interpret the main directions of radio physics, radio engineering and radio 
location in “fractal” language that makes new ways and generalizations promising radio systems in future

Domrachev A.N., Govorukhin Yu.M., Krivolapov V.G., Paleev D.Yu.
THE ANALYSIS OF ROOF FALL RISK ASSESSMENT METHODS IN UNDERGROUND WORKINGS
[article]

summary
This article proves the relevance of the roof fall risk assessment. It bases both in terms of predicting
the possibility of their reuse and keeping the coal pillars stability, and the risk of the origin of closed
unventilated areas, which unavoidably accumulate explosive gas-air mixtures. The most widespread foreign
methods of roof fall risk assessment in mine workings have been considered. They include an algorithm for
calculating the index of the level of roof fall risk (RFRI) and the method of assessing the stability of the
pillars of the New South Wales University (UNSW). The possibility of using of the roof fall risk assessment
methods to improve the efficiency and safety of mining operations in South Kuzbass mines has been tested on
a specific example

Zhumaev M.R., Sharipov M.Z.
RESONANT DISSIPATIVE MODEL OF THE FARADAY EFFECT IN A DIELECTRIC MULTILAYER NANO – STRUCTURES
[article]

summary
The theory of the rotation angle of the plane of polarization in dielectric media has been considered. In
paper the dissipative model resonance Faraday effect in dielectric multilayer nanostructures is proposed.
Found amplification condition of the Faraday effect in multilayer nano-structures. It is shown the possibility
of resonance amplification of the Faraday rotation angle under the influence of an external magnetic field.
The frequency dependence of the refractive indices for right and left polarized light was analyzed

Ivshchenko L.I., Pribora T.I., Komochkin N.S., Sakhnyuk N.V.
TO THE METHODOLOGY OF THE RESEARCH OF THE GTE TURBINE BLADES PLATFORMSWEAR
[article]

summary
The problem of the gas turbine engine turbine blades platforms wear is discussed. The methodology to
solve this problem by defining the processes that occur in platforms is suggested. The object model test and
research methods are described. Describes the object modeling techniques and explore patterns of
oscillations of the system of coupled oscillations of parts of an aircraft engine turbine. An original setting for
the study of the wear of rotor blades was used

Kheyfetz M.L., Vityaz P.A., Senyut V.T., Kolmakov A.G., Klimenko S.A.
PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROCESSES OF FORMATION OF NANODIAMOND-BASED POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIALS
[article]

summary
Based on the physicochemical analysis of the carbon phase diagram, thermodynamic conditions for
diamond formation are studied. The possibility and probability of various mechanisms of synthesis of
diamond nanostructured materials under nonequilibrium conditions are considered. It is shown that
nanodiamonds possess catalytic properties and can act as activators of the phase transformation of graphite
into diamond under high pressures and temperatures. Process parameters for obtaining of diamond
polycrystalline materials from detonation nanodiamond powders are defined

Ibrayev N.Kh., Serikov T.M., Zeinidenov А.К., Kuterbekov К.А., Bekmyrza К.Zh
INFLUENCE OF ANNEALING TEMPERATURE ON PHOTOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF NANOSTRUCTURED TiO2 FILMS
[article]

summary
The spectral and kinetic characteristics of the photoluminescence of titanium dioxide films were
studied. At ultraviolet excitation of films the luminescence spectrum characteristic of the anatase structure is
observed. Heat treatment of the samples at temperature of 1273 K leads to a long-wavelength shift of the
photoluminescence band with a maximum wavelength of 850 nm that indicates the formation of the rutile
crystal structure. The current-voltage characteristics of titanium dioxide films were measured. It is found
that the films with the anatase structure have a higher photocurrent than the films with the rutile structu re.
The photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide films were studied. It is shown that titanium dioxide films
with anatase structure have the highest photocatalytic activity.

Pavlov A.M., Agelmenev M.E., Zhilkashinova A.M., Pavlov A.V., Satbaeva Z.A
ULTRASOUND CONTROL and study of physical model conduct of 20GL steel tensile
[article]

summary
One of the most important problems in solid state physics is searching new patterns in the performance
of the physical characteristics of metals in the external radiation on them. This research deals
characteristics of ultrasonic testing on plastic molded metal, based on the connection speed of ultrasound
with elasticity module and the analysis of the stress-strain on the example of steel 20GL brand. According to
the results of the experiment there is a new theoretical basis of a physical model of metal pattern in tension.
It was found that the previously proposed a parabolic response function is not applicable when there is
maximum deformation. It was given an analytical expression for the response function. It is shown that as
the response function fits the function displayed in the form of an ellipse. It was found that exactly that
function describes the experimental data satisfactorily

Aimukhanov A.K., Esimbek A.M., Ibrayev N.Kh
INFLUENCE Au NANOPARTICLES ON ABSORPTION AND LUMINESCENT PROPERTIES RHODAMIN C IN ETHANOL
[article]

summary
Au nanoparticles were obtained gold target ablation in ethanol second harmonic of solid state laser 215
LQ. The concentration of nanoparticles (NPs) Au was determined to change the target weight before and
after ablation by duration of 30 minutes. Studies have shown that by adding Au nanoparticles by C = 5 * 10-6 mol / l solution of dye, the optical density at the absorption maximum is increased. Fluorescence intensity
at the maximum increases 1.2 times. The provisions of maxima of the bands and their half-widths are not
changed

Kumekov S. E., Saitova N.K., Syrgaliyev E.O.
SPECTRA OF PHOTOLUMINESCENCE OF CARBONCONTAINING NANOSTRUCTURED OBJECTS
[article]

summary
It is discussed the possible mechanism of photoluminescence of such objects as carbon quantum dots,
layers of amorphous hydrogenated carbon, and the natural biopolymer – native collagen. Recently in some
researches were observed the interesting features of photoluminescence of carbon quantum dots . The
features were discovered in comparison of photoluminescence in layers of amorphous hydrogenated carbon
and in natural biopolymer – native collagen. This article describes a method of experimental study of the
absorption spectra, excitation and photoluminescence characteristics of collagen with using modern
measuring devices. Fixed excitation of photoluminescence was carried by an argon laser. A nitrogen laser
was used for pulsed excitation. It is found that some properties of the luminescent radiation may be
explained by assuming the nature of excimer photoluminescence collagen.

Saulebekov A.O., Kambarova ZH.T.
CALCULATION OF THE INSTRUMENTAL FUNCTION OF THE COMBINED ENERGY ANALYZER OF CHARGED PARTICLES BEAM
[article]

summary
In this work the model of combined energy analyzer consisting of electrostatic mirror fields was studied
by numerical calculations. A trajectory analysis of the motion of charged particles in the given electron-optical system was held. The instrumental function of the device for a case of a point source was first
developed in order to optimize the size of output aperture and crossing windows of energy analyzer, what
allowed estimating the energy resolution of the instrument. The spectrometer enables to analyze charged
particles beams leaving the source at angles about 900
at the instrumental energy resolution of 2%

Platonova E.S., Yurov V.M., Eremin E.N., Buchinskas V., Guchenko S.A.,Laurynas V.Ch
SOME ASPECTS OF THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF CORROSION AND THERMAL DESTRUCTION OF METAL MATERIALSAND OF METAL COATINGS
[article]

summary
On the basis of the statistical approach to the formation of corrosion spots obtained an expression that
shows the logarithmic dependence of the corrosion spot area of “defects” of the metal surface or coating. On
the basis of a thermodynamic model obtained relationship between corros ion rate, the surface tension of a
metal surface and their melting point. A method for determining the thermal stress in the coating on the basis
of experimental values of microhardness, measured along and across the sample. On the basis of
thermodynamic model derived relationship between the heat resistance of coatings and surface energy. A
formula that is suitable for qualitative analysis and forecasting of metal fracture rate and coatings
deformation and thermal influences

Suprun T.T.
HEAT TRANSFER IN THE PRESENCE OF TRANSITION INDUCED BY WAKES OF HESITATING CYLINDER
[article]

summary
Experimental investigations of a flat plate heat transfer in the presence of transition induced by wakes
after still and hesitating cylinder were carried out. Analysis of distributions of local heat transfer
coefficients, temperature and velocity profiles, their fluctuations and other characteristics of boundary
layers permits to determine the length of wake-induced transition and its location. On the basis of study of
wakes characteristics in the free-stream the reason of heat transfer intensification in pre-transitional
boundary layer was determined. Under influence of periodic unsteady wakes transition region shits
upstream in comparison with the case of steady wake.

Yershina A.K., Nursadykova Zh.K., Borybaeva M.A.
ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPING WIND POWER APPARATUS IN KAZAKHSTAN
[article]

summary
The article is devoted to problems of wind energy. Data growth rate of the installed capacity of wind
power plants in the world are shown. The authors analyzed the technical and economic performance of wind
power systems developed by Kazakhstan scientists. The technical characteristics of Darrieus type wind
turbines have been described. The advantages of the Bidarrieus wind turbine were studied

Shuyushbayeva N., Altayeva G., Stoev M., Akhmadiev B.
INFLUENCE OF PULSE ELECTRICAL DISCHARGES ON THE MICROSTRUCTURE OF THE ELECTRODE SYSTEM DRILL
[article]

summary
The paper is considered practicalities of the electro-hydraulic drilling. The basis of this method is a
unique phenomenon – a method of directly transforms of electrical energy into mechanical energy of the
shock waves that accompany electrical discharges in conditions a limited spatial volume of water in the
bottom of the well. The power a shock wave is allows to effectively disruption is not only the solid rocks but
also influences the condition of the drilling system. Study the structure and quality of the surface of the
electrode system of the drill, and the character of the changes after the electrohydropulse of processing.
Conducted spectral analysis of the microstructure of the melted portions of the surface drill electrodes
resulting from the impact of underwater spark discharge. Experimentally are installed regularities of erosive
of wear the metal electrode from the energy parameters and the number of electro-impulses

Sakipova S.E., Tanasheva N.K., Kivrin V.I., Kussaiynova A.K
STUDY OF AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MODEL OF A WIND TURBINE WITH ROTATING CYLINDERS
[article]

summary
The paper discusses problems of alternative energy sources uses, particularly wind energy utilization.
The results of an experimental study of the aerodynamics of wind turbines using Magnus effect are
considered. To carry out testing, a model of a three-blade wind turbine with rotating cylinders of various
cross-sections was made. Aerodynamic testing of the wind turbine model at various airflow conditions was
performed. Dependencies of drag force, tractive force and rotation frequency of the wind wheel on the flow
rate at different yaw angles of the flow were found. It is shown that the use of rough-surfaced rotating
cylinders of various cross-sections makes it possible to use an additional moving force resulting from the
Magnus effect.